Commemorative medal for participation in the Balkan wars of 1912-1913
Date established: 9th December 1933
Number of classes: one
Being awarded for: as a commemoration for those who participated in the wars of 1912-1913
Shape and dimensions: circular, 32mm in diameter
Ribbon: Depending on the recipient of the medal, there are 3 types of ribbons used: (1) green with two white and one red border stripes on either side, designated for frontline veterans; (2) the same ribbon but with a thin white stripe across the middle – for non-combatant participants in the war; and (3) the same ribbon as (1) but bearing a thin blank stripe across the middle. This type of ribbon was designated for decorating family members of soldiers who have perished during the war.
Obverse: The small Bulgarian coat of arms with two crossed swords behind it. In the background, embowed laurel and oak twigs.
Reverse: The years “1912-1913” inscribed on two lines and surrounded by a wreath, made of roses, oak and laurel twigs, and wheat stalks, all bound together with a ribbon at the bottom.
The commemorative medal for the Balkan wars of 1912-1913 has been introduced at the same time as its Great War counterpart in late 1933, in order to pay the necessary tribute to the living veterans of these war conflicts.
An unorthodox requirement has been introduced to those who were entitled to receive this and/or the Great War medals – they had to purchase a specifically printed postal stamp which was then stuck onto the awarding certificate. The money paid by the awardees were deposited in a special fund, dedicated to raising money for the construction of a new building for the National Military History museum in Sofia.
The commemorative medal has been awarded to surviving veterans of the war (generals, officers, NCO's, enlisted men), civilians with great merit to the war effort, military correspondents, volunteers, nurses, medics, family members (usually parents) of soldiers killed in action, etc. Also, all military banners of units which participated in the war has also been decorated with the medal.
It has been struck of white metal alloy. According to the surviving records, around 30,000 medals have been awarded in total. There’s no data of the number of medals being awarded abroad (if any at all).
Official decorations with this medal have been suspended since 1st January 1940.
Production took place in Germany and Switzerland.
This commemorative medal, along with the one dedicated to the Great War, were actually the last awards to be introduced before the communist coup d’état in 1944.